Total Quality Management (TQM) is a Japanese-born comprehensive and structured organization-wide management culture that depicts that every employee from the bottom to the top must maintain a high standard of tasks in every aspect of the operation of the organization for long-term success.
In a TQM endeavor, all members of an organization participate in continuous improvement of the quality of processes, products, services, and the culture in which they work. Quality assurance of products or services to the customer depends on the strength of the TQM that which organization has adopted. Quality Control Circle (QCC) is formed by the bottom-level workers with close supervision and monitoring of the mid or top-level management.
QCC is a systematic, scientific and structured team that regardless of the routine work, will work for the improvement of the activities of the processes so that tasks become easier and safer.
KAIZEN originated from Japan which means “Continuous Improvement” and intends to make a better change in every step or function of the organization so that tasks become easier, safer, and visualized. Starting from the minor improvement heading to the major through the effort of bottom-level employees with the help of a top level. Regardless of the daily routine work, everyone will work for improvement on a routine basis.
5-S consists of 5 Japanese words which actually a 5 steps activity for better housekeeping with strong visualization so that work becomes organized, neat & clean, and systematic consisting of only necessary things within the hand distance. 5-S is a culture or habit more than a technique for continuous improvement.